At some point, everyone experiences low mood, sadness, grief, anger, and procrastination. However, when these problems persist, they can interfere with your life. Depression may become so intense that you find it difficult to get up, engage in work or hobbies, or interact with friends and family. You may isolate from people, feel sadness for most of the day, lose interest in once pleasurable activities, feel significant grief, experience physical ailments, and may even have thoughts of dying.
Depression is one of the most common psychological problems. Approximately, 20% of Americans have experienced a depressive episode in their lifetime. Women experience depression more commonly than men. Unfortunately, the majority of people who have depression do not seek professional support. Untreated depression can lead to a deterioration of one’s mental and physical state and even lead to thoughts of suicide.
There are different variations of depression, including major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, postpartum depression, persistent depressive disorder, and seasonal affective disorder. Each of these disorders varies in intensity and symptom presentation. Depression frequently co-occurs with many other conditions, including anxiety, addiction, cancer, hypertension, and diabetes.
Depression forms from a sophisticated interaction of one’s history, brain, body, and social world. Genes and physiological processes can precipitate the onset of depression. Your childhood experiences and caregiver relationships affect how depression manifests in later years. Traumatic experiences, such as abuse, increase the chances of developing depression.
Learning how you became depressed is an important part of the therapeutic process. With this insight, you can apply effective coping mechanisms and skills to relieve emotional pain and suffering.